As our survey of Genesis proceeds, the accountings of Noah’s sons tells us the Flood came in 1565 A. H., that is the 600th year of Noah’s life—a forward dating in years from Year One of Adam. In the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day, all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the lattice of the sky were opened. (Ge 7.11) This lattice of the sky God opened leads many to believe that the rain came from…the waters which were above the expanse—frozen above the expanse of the whole earth. To this point, too, Scripture bears out the absence of any clouds or rain making the faith and message of righteous Noah and his sons that much greater. As the writer of Hebrews affirms: by faith Noah, being warned concerning things not seen as yet…prepared an ark to the saving of his house…(11.7). So the rain continues for 40 days, the number God first uses to remind us of testing in this world. And water continues to fall and rise on the earth for another 150 days, until…all the high mountains everywhere under the heavens were covered…(Ge 7.19). This leaves no doubt that the Noahic Flood was worldwide. Then, the waters decreased until the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat on the seventeenth day of the seventh month and the twenty-seventh day of the second month (Ge 8:4)…after one year and ten days.
Noah, his sons, their wives, and the animals emerge from the ark to replenish the earth. Things are a little different now, though. There’s clouds, and for the first time it says…seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter—the four seasons (8.22). Also, from this point God instills fear and terror…on every beast of the earth and on every bird of the sky (9.2) until His Kingdom come (Isa 11). He reaffirms to Noah the reason for capital punishment in every case of murder…because in the image of God He made man (9.6). And God initiates a wonderful sign in rainy skies, the rainbow, promising until today that…never again shall the water become a flood to destroy all flesh (9.15). All these make up the agreement or covenant God made with Noah held in place to this day by the power of Almighty Himself. Just a mention of the incident that led Noah to declare…blessed is the LORD, the God of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant (9.26). The only thing that is plain Ham did do to merit cursing was tell on his father’s sin, drunkedness. And that…to God is enough. His brothers covered the sin of their father making live the proverb:…love covers all transgressions (Pro10:12). So, Noah lived to 950 astoundingly almost a millennium, much like Adam’s 930, and Methuselah’s 969. Thus concludes the accountings of the Sons of Noah as they lived in that environment and as God led them to record all the things of which they were an eyewitness in their time.
Now, begins the accountings of Shem in Chapter 10 continuing the line of Messiah with the birth of his son Arphaxad two years after the Flood. He begins with the genealogy of all nations in the world today. We see familiar names from Japheth like Gomer, Magog; and from Ham is Canaan, the first of all the seven tribes of the Land the Israelites would later dispossess; from Ham is Mizrayim, the first of all of Egypt including the Casluhim (10.14) from whom descend the Philistines—I once heard were Greek, but evidently not so. A central character of ancient history emerges of whom it says is…before the LORD, a mighty one—mighty AGAINST the LORD really. This is Nimrod who goes on to settle in the land over and over again in Scripture showing itself to be against God, Shinar. No other information given in the context, this connects Nimrod with the settling of Babel and the building of the Tower of Babel. They settled there in Nimrod’s name and in direct disobedience to God’s command to Noah…to fill the earth. They said,…let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name; lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth (11:4). In a generation, they turn from glorifying God’s name to glorifying his own name. They settle in Shinar, and build… a great thing whose top was in heaven—like God. They didn’t want to be known for God’s name, but their own. They thought their name would keep them from being scattered. They were trusting in their own name, not God’s name for their identity. But the LORD came down, and sums up the situation—seeing…all they devise to do would not be withheld from them (11.6). In his grace, God saves them from their own concerted sinful desires by creating a reason to help them depend on Him—the confusion of all the languages of the world.
Though the tower is finished, they are too confused to finish the city. The LORD helps them scatter over the whole earth thereby obeying His command to fill the earth. Whatever their name for the city was, they were so confused that they named the city, Confusion, that is translated Babel. Some time after this comes Peleg in the line of Messiah of whom it says,…in his days the earth was divided (10:25). Again, no other information in the context given, we are led to believe from the plain text that some time in the life of Peleg, translated Divided, God divided Earth into continents. Thus, counting the direct father-son years of Shem’s genealogy—Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, and Peleg, there are 101 years from the Flood to the Divided Earth some time after this 101st year, A. H. 1757. This would give three to four generations—plenty of time to be confused enough to scatter over the whole earth before it was divided. And, all of this happened in Shem’s life making him an eyewitness of what God would choose for him to record.
The sixth accounting is from Terah who is actually the one it says moves his family out of Ur of the Chaldeans. The genealogy of Terah places the birth of Abraham in the year, A. H. 2008. God gives Terah the faith to leave Ur for a land they did not know according to the next account handed down through Isaac (25.19)—God choosing to place the history of Abraham in the hands of his son, Isaac. It says they left Ur…in order to enter the land of Canaan, but for some reason decided to settle in Haran. The testimony of the martyr Stephen tells us the Pre-incarnate LORD appeared to Abraham somewhere in Mesopotamia (Ac 7.2) before Haran, so after his father’s death in Haran, Abram departs for Canaan with Sarai and Lot. Now, it was in Haran, God told Abram,…go forth from your country…and I will make you a great nation…And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed (12:1-3). And in Shechem of Canaan, Abram turns 75 in A. H. 2083, and the LORD again appears to him saying…to your seed I will give this land (12:7). But, it is on the occasion of a famine and Abram’s retreat into Egypt that we see God first safeguarding the seed—henceforth, we see is a sojourning seed (15.13, 17.8, 26.3, 28.4). When Pharoah in Egypt gets ready to make Sarai a concubine, the LORD strikes…Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai (12:17). Later the LORD confirms His hedge around the Seed saying…all the land which you see, I will give it to you and to your seed forever. And I will make your seed as the dust of the earth; so that if anyone can number the dust of the earth, then your seed can also be numbered (13:15-16).
Now finally, we meet the rise and fall of young nephew Lot, the son of Abram’s brother, Haran. There was too little room for the many possessions of Lot and Abram, so the humility of Abram allows Lot to choose the fertile Jordan Valley which was so lush, it was like the Garden of the LORD (13.10). War ensues when the five king confederation of this lush Jordan Valley rebel against Mesopotamia. Their four army corps comes to settle the matter, and defeating Lot’s side, it is away with his family and him—the booty of war and no hope of seeing home again. For the first time, God writes down the name by which Abram and his seed will be known—the Hebrew or he who passes over…that is, the only thing around to pass over, the Euphrates River. The Hebrew hears his nephew is taken, and without hesitation pursues this Euphrates army revealing his great faith under battle conditions, too. God exemplifies again…the things which are impossible with men are possible with God (Lu 18:27)—Abram leading 318 with auxiliary Hittite friend and ally against impossible odds. This reveals the faith of Abram on his return from the battle that he knows the victory belongs to God. He turns down the reward of one king of Sodom answering him,…lest you should say, 'I have made Abram rich' (Ge 14:23). He accepts greater than man’s riches, God’s riches (Pro 16.16).
Into Scripture and our faith enters the mysterious character, Melchizedek, the King of Salem. We know nothing of Melchizedek but his name and the city he rules—King of Righteousness of Salem meaning shalom or wholeness. In blessing Abram, he gives bread and wine—no accident of minding the reader forever of the person and work of God. Melchizedek is also called by a first word in Scripture, a priest. Melchizedek, who is…without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life…is made like the Son of God (He 7:3). Melchizedek, plainly just a man, comes out of nowhere—with no recorded lineage nor recorded birth, and blesses Abram. His name is written down forever in Scripture to lay down a pattern of our Eternal King who also…abides a priest perpetually (He 7:3). Genesis makes King Melchizedek a type of Messiah, our Eternal Priest, Who…always lives to make intercession for them (He 7:25), that is us. And the bread and wine with which Melchizedek blesses Abram foreshadows the reason God blesses us…with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ (Ep 1:3).
Thus ends Part Three with the Fourth to come and the Birth of the Sojourning Seed.
To God Be All the Glory,
Mark Alan Cameron: Born 1954 McAllen, Texas. Served Officer U. S. Marines. Educated at Texas A&M University & University of Houston: B.S.C.E, B.A.C.S., Talbot Theological Seminary: M. Div., Sacramento State University: Foundational Mathematics Teacher Credential, University of Wisconsin and Chafer Theological Seminary: Continued biblical studies.
Attending Woodbridge Community Church in Men's Ministry and Messianic Congregation Shuvah Yisrael as Shabbat School Teacher, Nosh Breakdown Guy, Festival Shofar caller. Writer theological articles & stories in Scripture. Resides with his wife and son in Irvine, CA. Content copyright 2013. emethbiblestudies.org. All rights reserved.
Emeth is Hebrew for truth, and the Bible is, I believe, the record of Truth from God for man without any single word God did not ordain. This site is in the hope that all may believe in Him Whom God has already sent, the Lamb of God, Who takes away the sin of the world. He is propitiation for the sins of the whole world, and the hope that the dead will be raised imperishable. We shall be changed, and reign with Him for a thousand years for the word of the LORD will go forth from Jerusalem, indeed He will be king over all the earth. Joh1:29 1Joh2:2 1Cor15:52 Rev20:6 Isa2:3 Zec14:9
EBS is dedicated to God's People whether they be those of the Jewish race or those believers in Jesus as Savior and Messiah. These are written in story-form from the view of the writer by faith that God spoke the whole of Scripture having fitted it together without contradiction. Each story is written in Scripture appearing in italics from pertinent passages on the subject, then tied together by relevant Scripture.
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